Revisión metodológica de estudios de impacto de aeropuertos: una propuesta cualitativa y cuantitativa para el Aeropuerto de Málaga-Costa del Sol

Lidia Caballero Galeote, Josefa García Mestanza

DOI: https://doi.org/10.14198/INTURI2021.22.2

Resumen

Los aeropuertos se han convertido en ejes fundamentales de la economía de muchos países. En España, los aeropuertos gestionados por Aena cerraron 2019 con más de 274,4 millones de pasajeros, un 4,4% más que el año anterior. No solo son importantes para el turismo sino también para otros sectores que dependen de las importaciones y exportaciones. Durante años las mediciones de impacto han incluido las tablas IO, pero en la actualidad nos preguntamos si es el mejor modelo de medición. La investigación muestra que el principal problema es la diversidad de metodologías utilizadas por aeropuertos y países. Por ello, se propone un modelo de medición del impacto económico del Aeropuerto de Málaga-Costa del Sol que incorpora la importancia del turismo. Este estudio se concibe como una guía para analizar los impactos de cualquier aeropuerto del mundo. La revisión revela que la matriz de contabilidad social con cambios en las variables involucradas es el mejor modelo de medición disponible. Las conclusiones reflejan que el punto de vista cualitativo es necesario. Esto puede aportar datos que, junto a los anteriores, darán como resultado una investigación multidisciplinar que nos permitirá conocer mucho más profundamente estas infraestructuras. Las conclusiones tienen implicaciones prácticas y teóricas para las investigaciones de impacto.

Palabras clave

Modelo cuantitativo; Cualitativo; Impacto económico; Aeropuerto; input-ou- tput; SAM

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.14198/INTURI2021.22.2





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