Medición de la eficiencia laboral del turismo rural sostenible en espacios naturales protegidos de España

Francisca J. Sánchez-Sánchez, Ana M. Sánchez-Sánchez

DOI: https://doi.org/10.14198/INTURI2021.22.9

Resumen

El turismo rural debe respetar y preservar el medio ambiente y servir de ayuda a la diversificación económica. El objetivo del estudio es evaluar la capacidad del turismo rural como instrumento para favorecer la eficiencia laboral y el desarrollo sostenible en espacios naturales protegidos. Se consideran factores laborales y de servicios de 55 zonas turísticas españolas emplazadas en espacios naturales protegidos, aplicándose técnicas de Análisis Envolvente de Datos y de Análisis Multivariante. La eficiencia del empleo en el turismo rural que se desarrolla en espacios naturales protegidos es poco significativa, siendo pocas las zonas turísticas que la alcanzan. El elevado proteccionismo de estas figuras de protección medioambiental, con planteamientos aislacionistas no favorece la eficiencia. El turismo rural puede ser un elemento de desarrollo sostenible del territorio, ayudando a la activación de recursos y al reequilibrio del territorio, pero para ello es importante conseguir la integración de los espacios naturales protegidos en las zonas rurales a través del planteamiento de modelos de gestión medioambiental adecuados.

Palabras clave

Turismo rural; Empleo; Espacios protegidos; Sostenibilidad

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.14198/INTURI2021.22.9





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