Las percepciones por parte de residentes de las relaciones de intercambio social: un caso de estudio en un pequeño pueblo patrimonial

Vanessa del Mar Muler González, Núria Galí Espelt, Lluís Coromina

DOI: https://doi.org/10.14198/INTURI.19376

Resumen

Los estudios de las percepciones de impactos turísticos por parte de residentes utilizando la teoría de intercambio social se han enfocado en los costes y los beneficios del turismo tomándolos por separado. El propósito de esta investigación es el de estudiar estas percepciones tomando las relaciones de intercambio social las cuales son duales como unidad de análisis. Las relaciones de intercambio social ofrecen un entendimiento más acertado de los intercambios turísticos ya que emparejan los costes con los beneficios. La revisión de la literatura cubre estudios anteriores sobre percepciones de impactos turísticos en los cuales se identifican intercambios, aunque ésta no sea textual. Basado en esta revisión, se realizó una encuesta con los residentes del pueblo patrimonial de Besalú. Cuatro relaciones de intercambio fueron identificadas utilizando análisis factorial. Los resultados muestran que las percepciones sobre los intercambios que involucran los recursos del espacio público, el cual tiende a ser escaso en los pueblos patrimoniales, y el comercio, están vinculados con la voluntad de los residentes de aceptar más turistas. Esto sugiere que estos recursos son críticos ya que afectan las percepciones que los residentes tienen del intercambio turístico. Los resultados también demuestran que los residentes perciben que el turismo contribuye de manera significativa a la conservación del patrimonio.

Palabras clave

Teoría de intercambio social; recursos; impactos del turismo; capacidad de carga social; costes

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.14198/INTURI.19376





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